JUVENILE JUSTICE SYSTEMS IN THE MIDDLE EAST AND NORTH AFRICA REGION ARE
MAKING PROGRESS IN APPLYING INTERNATIONAL NORMS AND STANDARDS IN
RELATION TO JUVENILE JUSTICE, BUT CONTINUE TO REQUIRE CONSIDERABLE
IMPROVEMENT TO MEET INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS FOR RESPECTING THE
RIGHTS OF CHILDREN IN CONFLICT WITH THE LAW, INCLUDING RESPONDING TO
CHILDREN’S BEST INTERESTS.
This Report considers children in conflict with the law – children alleged, accused, or recognized as having infringed
criminal law – who are at or above the minimum age of criminal responsibility. In three countries in the region —
Jordan, Sudan and Tunisia – the United Nations Children’s Fund Regional Office for the Middle East and North
Africa and the International Development Law Organization partnered to research and gain a deeper understanding
of the factors that support or inhibit diversion programmes and alternatives to pre-trial and post-trial detention for
children in conflict with the law. Through the elaboration of 12 case studies and the participation of 42 juvenile
justice sector professionals across the three focal countries, this Report reviews and analyses both law and practice,
presenting conclusions and recommendations to promote the use of diversion and alternative measures. This
Report also considers restorative justice approaches, where a child offender and the victim(s) participate actively in
the resolution of matters arising from the crime.